What is Motivation?

Motivation is an inferred process within an animal or an individual that causes that organism to move towards a goal.

Motivation is the underlying process that initiates, directs and sustains behavior in order to satisfy physiological and psychological needs or wants.  Motivation determines the direction, intensity of behavior/effort and helps in sustaining that direction and intensity over time.

Motivation is an integral element in becoming successful in any undertaking. Motivation has also been defined as a desire or need which directs and energizes behavior that is oriented towards a goal.



Three Elements of Motivation

Motivation starts with the desire to be free, to be free from dependency on others, freedom to live the lifestyle we dream of, freedom to explore our ideas.

Total freedom is not possible or desirable, but the struggle to achieve that ideal is the basis for motivation.



Motivation is built on three basic elements:

Motivation starts with a need, vision, dream or desire to achieve the seemingly impossible. Creativity is associated with ideas, projects and goals, which can be considered a path to freedom.

Develop a love-to-learn, become involved with risky ventures and continually seek new opportunities. Success is based on learning what works and does not work.

Developing the ability to overcome barriers and to bounce back from discouragement or failure. Achievers learn to tolerate the agony of failure. In any worthwhile endeavor, barriers and failure will be there. Bouncing back requires creative thinking as it is a learning process. In addition, bouncing back requires starting again at square one.



Positive and Negative Motivation

Positive motivation harnesses the power of positive thoughts and feelings to move you closer to your goal

Whereas, negative motivation is associated with low self esteem and takes you away from your goals



What are Motives?

A motive is an inner state that energizes, activates, or moves and directs or channels behaviour towards goals



Classification of Motives

Primary Motives:

Primary motives are also known as physiological / biological / unlearned motives. The criteria for a motive to be primary are that they should be unlearned and physiological. Primary motives tend to reduce the tension or stimulation.

A few examples of primary motives are: hunger, thirst, sleep, avoidance of pain, etc.

General Motives:

General motives are ones which are unlearned but are not physiologically based. These needs induce the person to increase the amount of stimulation.

A few examples of general motives are:  curiosity, manipulation, activity and affection.

Secondary Motives:

These are the one of the most important type of motives while studying the behavior of employee motivation. A motive must be learned in order to be a secondary one.

These drives are closely tied to the learning concepts, such as motives for power, achievement, and affiliation. A few other secondary motives are security and status.



Extrinsic and Intrinsic Rewards

  • Extrinsic rewards are external and hence the motivation is available only after completion of the job.
    • Examples of Extrinsic Rewards
      • Pay
      • Increase in wages
      • Benefits
      • Promotions
      • Transfers
      • Insurance
      • Rest periods
    • Intrinsic rewards are internal and hence the motivation is available at the time of performance of a job.
      • Examples of Intrinsic Rewards
        • Feeling of responsibility
        • Achievement
        • Constant learning
        • Taking challenges
        • Praise
        • Recognition
        • Delegation of authority & responsibility


Need and Wants


  • Something you must have in order to survive and thrive


  • Something you can survive and thrive without.

If you want to decide whether something is a want or a need, ask yourself:

  • ‘Will I be satisfied after I get this, or will I want something more?’
  • ‘Am I hoping that this will boost my self-esteem?’
  • ‘Am I hoping that this will take away a painful feeling, such as loneliness, sadness, rejection, loss, or emptiness?’

If something does not truly satisfy you physically or psychologically, it is probably a want, not a need.


What is Self-Motivation?

Self motivation is the inspiration behind your behavior and actions. It is a self-action to energize your mind.

Tips for Self Motivation:

  • Dream
  • Make concrete Plans
  • Positive Attitude
  • Start with a small step
  • Block external forces
  • Be consistent
  • Avoid procrastination
  • Never Quit



Importance of Self Motivation

Self motivation is important in every aspect of your life, be it career, social life, relationship, health and fitness, spirituality or personality development.

Firstly, you must find out what motivates you. Some people may get motivated by influential people; while, some by reading inspirational books, stories or poems. Different methods are used by different people.

Self-motivation is a more efficient method. Reading motivational books will inspire you temporarily. If you can motivate yourself, you do not have to depend on any external factors. Self motivation is the best inspirational technique.

Self-motivate Yourself.

What are 5 negative things that you think or say about yourself on a regular basis?

Now, rewrite them as positive statements about yourself!

I am taking control of my time. I work out of a calendar and keep myself on task!



Steps to Self- Motivate Yourself

Step 1 – Get Out of Your Comfort Zone:

  • Be willing to leave your comfort zone.
  • The greatest barrier to achieving your potential is your comfort zone.
  • Great things happen when you make friends with your discomfort zone.

Step 2 – Mistakes Happen:

  • Don’t be afraid to make mistakes.
  • Wisdom helps us avoid making mistakes and comes from making a million of them.

Step 3 – Stop Limiting Yourself:

  • Don’t indulge in self-limiting thinking.
  • Think empowering, expansive thoughts.

Step 4 – Be Happy:

  • Choose to be happy.
  • Happy people are easily motivated.
  • Happiness is your birth right so don’t settle for anything else.

Step 5 – Self Development:

  • Spend at least one hour a day in self-development.
  • Read good books or listen to inspiring tapes.
  • Driving to and from work provides an excellent opportunity to listen to self-improvement tapes.

Step 6 – Finish What You Start:

  • Train yourself to finish what you start.
  • Many of us become scattered as we try to accomplish a task.
  • Finish one task before you begin another.

Step 7 – Live in the Present:

  • Live fully in the present moment.
  • When you live in the past or the future you aren’t able to make things happen in the present.

Step 8 – Never Give Up:

  • Never quit when you experience a setback or frustration.
  • Success could be just around the corner.

Step 9 – Dream and Dream Big:

  • Dare to dream big dreams.
  • If there is anything to the law of expectation then we are moving in the direction of our dreams, goals and expectations.

Sept 10 – Live Life to the Fullest:

  • The real tragedy in life is not in how much we suffer, but rather in how much we miss, so don’t miss a thing.
  • Charles Dubois once said, “We must be prepared, at any moment, to sacrifice who we are for who we are capable of becoming.”



Take Control of Your Mind

  • Think of your brain as a computer. Research studies have shown that your brain never tries to prove you wrong! Just like a computer, your brain will simply run the program it is given.
  • Your mind can only pull up what you have programmed in! When you say that you can do something, your brain will help you by running the “how” program! When you say that you can’t do something, your brain can only run the “why?” program. So, choose your words wisely!

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